The confinement area: your pup's playpen
What is it?
A place for your dog to stay when you can't provide 100% supervision, but wish to give more space than the crate provides. In other words, when you are out for a short period, or busy around the house, and can't keep your eyes on him the entire time. It prevents chewing accidents, potty accidents, and teaches your pup to be alone.
Why do I need one?
- For successful house-training and alone-training.
- To keep your dog out of trouble when you can't monitor him, and to give yourself some alone-time.
Confinement? Surely that's too strict?
Not at all. It is the best possible start for your pup in your household. People often give a new pup complete freedom right away. Then, when he has an accident on the carpet or chews on the legs of the coffee table, they confine him, and confinement becomes a punishment.
Instead, give your dog a safe place from the beginning, and let him make a gradual and successful transition to his new home. He will be much happier and your furniture will remain intact.
Setting up the confinement area
The ideal confinement area is easy to clean and easy to close off with a door or baby gate. It should be mostly free of furniture and non-dog related objects. The best places for a confinement area are the kitchen, laundry room, bathroom, or an empty spare room that is not too separated from the household. You can also purchase a dog "exercise pen", a plastic or wire folding "play pen" that can be set up in any room.
Furnish the confinement area with a bed or a crate with something soft to sleep on, a water bowl, and several toys, including a favorite bone, chew toy, or a Kong stuffed with part of your dog's meal. Make the confinement area the only place your dog gets to have this particular toy.
Getting your dog used to his confinement area
Step 1: Take your dog out for a walk or bathroom break.
Step 2: Give him a chew bone or a stuffed Kong. Leave him alone in the confinement area while you go about your business in the house.
Step 3: After 5 minutes or before he finishes his chew, let him out but don't make a big deal about it or make a fuss over him.
Repeat steps 1-3, gradually increasing the time you leave your dog in his confinement area without leaving the house. Vary the length of your absences, from 30 seconds to 20 minutes, and repeat them throughout the day.
Leave your dog in his confinement area (or crate) at night. It is normal for him to try a little crying as a strategy to get out, so brace yourself for that. He has to get used to alone-time.
Step 4: Within the first day or two, start leaving the house for really short intervals like going to the mailbox or taking the trash out. Gradually work up to longer absences, like running errands.
Be patient. It may take several days or weeks for your dog to get used to his confinement area.
If your dog begins to howl, whine, or bark, wait until he has been quiet for at least ten seconds before you respond. Otherwise, he will learn that whining or barking makes you appear or gets him out of the confinement area, and he will bark or cry longer in the future.